A Handbook on How to Implement mTB-Tobacco

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This document, which is intended for national tuberculosis (TB) control programmes and organizations responsible for delivering tuberculosis control, provides guidance on developing and implementing an mTB-Tobacco programme. The primary focus of the short message service (SMS) content provided here is to inform tuberculosis patients who are tobacco users about the hazards of tobacco use and encourage them to quit through text messages for behaviour change.




TB and tobacco use are leading global health challenges (2). While global efforts have reduced the TB epidemic in most parts of the world and the prevalence of tobacco use has decreased in many countries, an enormous burden on health remains. In 2017, 1.6 million people died as a result of TB (3). Similarly, from the estimated 1.1 billion smokers in the world (4) around 7 million people died from smoking in 2017 (5). A disproportionate share of the global tobacco burden falls on low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), where the number of smokers is still increasing (4) and where the burden of TB is also concentrated (3).


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