Telecommunications Regulation Handbook

image of Telecommunications Regulation Handbook

ITU is pleased to make available the Tenth Edition of the Telecommunications Regulation Handbook, both as a resource and as a collaborative platform. These tools benefit the individuals entrusted with creating both a level playing field for and an environment in which communications can reach its potential as a powerful enabling tool for supporting innovation and achieving inclusive sustainable development. Communications technologies alone, however, will not drive the innovation that the developing world needs. ITU together with the World Bank created the Telecommunications Regulation Handbook because this essential guide can assist policymakers in evaluating policy options and deciding on appropriate regulations. Their efforts can support thriving economies by allowing individuals to exercise their own ingenuity to lift themselves and their countries out of poverty. As a result of the rapid rate of technological development, business innovation and changes in social attitudes continue to push communications in unpredictable, innovative directions. Well-trained, informed and independent individuals in ministries, regulatory agencies, companies and universities play a critical role in shaping the future of the communications landscape, thereby creating more opportunities for open collaboration, innovation and economic growth.



From Availability to Use: Universal Access and Service

Chapter 6 examines approaches to universal access and identifies global best practice. The chapter begins by underscoring the policy rationale for universal access and the need for intervention. It identifies the main access gaps and the scope of services to be considered. Different types of universal service regimes are described, including subsidies made available through universal service funds. The discussion takes into account the changing technological context, the pressures for reform and specific strategies for developing countries. It also highlights issues such as digital literacy and accessibility, which are seen as vital elements for moving beyond the mere availability of networks to their widespread adoption and use.


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