2002 Trends in Telecommunication Reform 2002

Effective Regulation

image of Trends in Telecommunication Reform 2002

The fourth edition of Trends in Telecommunication Reform is dedicated to the theme of effective and independent regulation. Since the beginning of the 1990s, the number of regulatory institutions has increased from 13 to more than 110, with many of them having been created in the past five years. But merely creating a regulatory body without empowering it to be effective is not enough. The report looks at the need for regulators; the process of creating a regulator; definitions of independence; why effectiveness may be more important than independence; powers and functions of the regulator; transparency in the decision-making process; organizational structure and finance issues. It is structured into nine chapters.



Global trends in market reform

Telecommunications became one of the leading engines of economic growth in the 1990s, fuelling activity and trade in all sectors, from manufacturing to the provision of financial services. Now, as the telecommunication sector evolves into a broader “information and communication technology” (ICT) sector that includes elements of telecommunication, broadcasting and computing, it has become not only an economic engine but also an enabler of social, educational and medical progress. The importance of access to ICT systems has grown accordingly. Policymakers are increasingly focusing on transforming the digital divide into digital opportunities.


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