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2002 Trends in Telecommunication Reform 2002

Effective Regulation

image of Trends in Telecommunication Reform 2002

The fourth edition of Trends in Telecommunication Reform is dedicated to the theme of effective and independent regulation. Since the beginning of the 1990s, the number of regulatory institutions has increased from 13 to more than 110, with many of them having been created in the past five years. But merely creating a regulatory body without empowering it to be effective is not enough. The report looks at the need for regulators; the process of creating a regulator; definitions of independence; why effectiveness may be more important than independence; powers and functions of the regulator; transparency in the decision-making process; organizational structure and finance issues. It is structured into nine chapters.

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The institutional framework of regulation

Chapter 2 discussed why many countries around the globe have created regulatory agencies in recent years, as well as the reasons why governments choose to regulate the telecommunication marketplace. This Chapter will explore what options governments have in structuring their regulatory regimes and in determining how regulatory agencies function within government as a whole. Among other things, governments must choose whether to create a regulatory agency separate from the ministry or a regulatory unit within a ministry or department. In addition, they must decide where the regulator stands within the government hierarchy, what powers it will have, and how it will relate to – and divide responsibilities with – other government agencies.

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