2002 Trends in Telecommunication Reform 2002

Effective Regulation

image of Trends in Telecommunication Reform 2002

The fourth edition of Trends in Telecommunication Reform is dedicated to the theme of effective and independent regulation. Since the beginning of the 1990s, the number of regulatory institutions has increased from 13 to more than 110, with many of them having been created in the past five years. But merely creating a regulatory body without empowering it to be effective is not enough. The report looks at the need for regulators; the process of creating a regulator; definitions of independence; why effectiveness may be more important than independence; powers and functions of the regulator; transparency in the decision-making process; organizational structure and finance issues. It is structured into nine chapters.



Regulating in the public's interest

Sector reform has become the norm for ITU Member States, a majority of which have at least initiated a sector reform programme, if not fully embarked on the path of sector reform. The momentum of the global sector reform movement that crystallized during the 1990s carried over into the new century, even as the economic boom of the 1990s in many countries plateaued and faltered. While the cooler economic outlook of 2001 clearly had an effect on sector restructuring – particularly on planned privatizations and spectrum auctions – governments continued their commitment to opening markets to competition in order to better meet their universal service goals.


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