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Drones for Agriculture

E-Agriculture in Action

image of Drones for Agriculture

FAO and ITU, together with partners, have been working together in addressing same of the challenges faced in agriculture through the use of sustainable ICTs. One of the latest developments is the increase in the use of small, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), commonly known as drones, for agriculture. Drones have a huge potential in agriculture in supporting evidence-based planning and in spatial data collection. Despite some inherent limitations, these tools and technologies can provide valuable data that can then be used to influence policies and decisions.

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Space technology use in crop insurance

Crop yield estimation at the lowest specified administrative level is the most important indicator in the crop insurance scheme Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojna (PMFBY) of the Government of India for deciding insurance claims. For crop yield estimation, the wellestablished methodology of Crop Cutting Experiments (CCE) has been in use so far. However, for accurate assessment at lower administrative level (village or village panchayat level), the requirement of a huge number of CCE with utmost precision has been a cause of concern as it may not be practically feasible. In the current methodology of yield estimation, the allocation and selection of plots for conducting CCE is based on statistical information and carried out using random numbers. The current year crop situation (area sown and crop condition) is not taken into consideration. This makes CCE plot selection not properly representative of the actual crop situation. Additionally, carrying out such a large number of CCE, as desired under the new crop insurance programme may not be practically feasible. Hence, the approach documented here could be a possible option.

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